Written by 19:13 World

What to Know as Israel-Hezbollah Conflict Grows

For months, concerns have grown that the war in Gaza might ignite a second conflict between Israel and Hezbollah, the well-armed militia that is loosely allied with Hamas and based just across Israel’s northern border with Lebanon.

On Thursday, Hezbollah launched 200 rockets and mortars and more than 20 drones into northern Israel, according to the Israeli military. The attack set off air-raid sirens across the area for over an hour, the military said.

There were no immediate reports of casualties, but the barrage, which Hezbollah said was in part a response to Israel’s assassination of a senior military commander the previous day in southern Lebanon, was larger in scope than previous attacks.

The two sides have repeatedly traded strikes since the Gaza war began in October, killing civilians and combatants in Lebanon and Israel, with most of the civilian casualties in Lebanon. The hostilities have also forced more than 150,000 people on both sides of the border to leave their homes for temporary shelters. That has put pressure on the Israeli government to make the north of the country safe for residents again by pushing Hezbollah back from the border region.

Here’s a look at Hezbollah as it stands on the brink of a new fight, and why that could still be averted.

Hezbollah has opposed Israel since the group’s very beginnings. It was founded in the 1980s, after Israel, responding to attacks, invaded and occupied southern Lebanon, intending to root out the Palestine Liberation Organization, which was then based in the country.

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Last modified: 5 July 2024
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